88mm Flak by John Norris, Mike Fuller

By John Norris, Mike Fuller

The German 88 mm was once by way of a long way the main well-known and flexible artillery weapon of global warfare II. It was once first used as an anti-aircraft weapon through the Condor Legion throughout the Spanish Civil battle and observed additional carrier within the German invasions of Poland and France, the place it was once first utilized in its anti-tank position. This position used to be really winning and the 88 turned feared by means of tank crews from North Africa to Russia. except those major roles the 88 mm used to be used because the major weapon on late-war German tanks, as a self-propelled gun, or even as an aerial weapon. This ebook covers some of these versions, explaining their layout, improvement and operational use.

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The new gun had a longer barrel and larger firing chamber than the older M 1 9 1 8 155-mm gun. Due to the funding constraints imposed on the prewar army, only 65 of the new M l guns had been built before 1941. S. Army 155-mm Gun Ml is about to remove the barrel of its gun for replacement. The barrel sat on top of a support called the cradle. The cradle, which housed the recoil, counterrecoil, and recuperator cylinders, was mounted on antifriction trunnion bearings of the top carriage. The top carriage housed the elevating and traversing mechanisms.

In addition, the three-man crew had to carry the weapon's water and ammunition cans, plus a number of minor accessories. To address this problem the Ordnance Department began looking into a much lighter air-cooled version of the weapon as early as the 1920s. 30-caliber machine gun. The new air-cooled version was designated the M 1 9 1 9 A 4 . It featured a perforated barrel-cooling jacket that brought the gun's weight down to 31 pounds. The gun was mounted on the newly designed M2 tripod that weighed only 14 pounds.

Other than its shorter and thicker barrel, the two artillery pieces looked almost identical from a distance. The 8-inch howitzer could fire a high-explosive round weighing 200 pounds to a maximum range of 18,500 yards. National Archives Production was quickly accelerated after the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor pulled the United States into World War II. To most American soldiers, the M l 155-mm gun was known as the Long Tom. The Long Tom first saw action with Patton's troops during the North Africa campaign in early 1943.

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