By K.E. Michelson
This paintings relies on my 1983 doctoral dissertation submitted to the dep. of Linguistics at Harvard college, even though it represents an in depth revision and reorganization of that paintings. quite a lot of fabric that weren't inside the unique were additional, and components that deal with theoretical matters that, no less than in the meanwhile, have receded into the history, were passed over. Many colleagues and associates have contributed to my sustained fascina tion with in addition to my realizing of lroquoian linguistics. to begin with, i'm thankful to the Iroquois who've contributed their profound knowl facet and their friendship in the course of my examine: Elda Antone, Mercy Doxtator, Dayton Doxtator, Reg Henry, Frank Natawe, the overdue Georgina Nicholas, Catherine Norton, Mike Norton. the overdue Sanford Schenandoah, and Norma Sickles. I additionally deeply get pleasure from being a part of a close-knit and supportive group of lroquoian linguists, and particularly I thank Cliff Abbott, Wallace Chafe, Mike Foster, Marianne Mithun, and Hanni Woodbury for supplying reviews at the dissertation. i've got additionally benefited from, and price hugely, super stimulating conversations with Floyd Lounsbury within the previous couple of years. The effect of my advisers and associates may be obvious in the course of the paintings. I thank specifically Nick Clements, Ives Goddard, Jochem Schindler, Robin Barr, Harry Bochner, Brian Doherty, Mark Hale, and Phil LeSourd.
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Extra resources for A Comparative Study of Lake-Iroquoian Accent
Katiru ' t /I. /I. -k-atirut- /I.? I'll pull FUT-IA-pull-PUNC koharha? k-ohar-ha? koha'r/l.? ··k-ohar-/l.? I'll attach it FUT-IA-attach-PUNC yoteweyawakhtha? yo-(a)tewey-awak-ht-ha? , all verbs and most native nouns, and to some uninflected particles. Other 54 CHAPTER 3 uninflected particles and most borrowed nouns that are not monosyllabic have final accent. k/l. ' Additional examples of particles and loanwords may be found in Bonvillain (1973, pp. 23940) and (1978), respectively. There is no systematic secondary accent in Mohawk, although the first syllable of a word that is longer than four or five syllables is sometimes more prominent than other unaccented syllables.
2. Seneca and Cayuga h -epenthesis In Seneca and Cayuga tn and kn clusters are broken up by an epenthetic h. ). 4. ) (40) akhnQefiQh wak-nQe-fi-Qh I like it IP-Iike-INCH-STAT (41 ) cf. hanQei->s ha-nQe-i->-s He likes it MA-like-INCH-HAB (42) h-epenthesis 0-+h/l~I--n SEGMENTAL PHONOLOGY 25 Chafe and Foster (1981, p. 136) suggest that it is possible that hepenthesis and the next three changes, which occur in both Cayuga and Seneca, originated in one of the languages and diffused into the other. 3.
1-36). The purpose of this section is rather to describe the processes that crucially apply before, or less often after, the accent rules and to make it possible to provide segmented versions of all the examples with a constant representation of any given stem and with some analysis of certain other morphemes. Unless otherwise mentioned, it should be possible to derive the segmental surface forms of all the examples in this work from the segmented versions by the processes described in this section.