By Ramana G. Reddy, Pinakin Chaubal, P. Chris Pistorius, Uday Pal
This assortment makes a speciality of ferrous and non-ferrous metallurgy the place ionic melts, slags, fluxes, or salts play very important roles in business progress and economic system around the world. Technical themes incorporated are: thermodynamic homes and part diagrams and kinetics of slags, fluxes, and salts; actual houses of slags, fluxes, and salts; structural stories of slags; interfacial and method phenomena concerning foaming, bubble formation, and drainage; slag recycling, refractory erosion/corrosion, and freeze linings; and recycling and usage of metallurgical slags and types and their functions in method development and optimization. those issues are of curiosity not to merely conventional ferrous and non-ferrous steel commercial methods but additionally new and upcoming technologies.
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Additional info for Advances in Molten Slags, Fluxes, and Salts: Proceedings of the 10th International Conference on Molten Slags, Fluxes and Salts 2016
Jak, “Review of experimental data and modeling of the viscosities of liquid slags in the Al2O3-CaO-‘FeO’-SiO2 system, Metallurgical and Materials Transactions B, 32 (2001), 1015-1025 3. K. C. Mills and J. Keene, “Physical Properties of BOS Slags”, International Materials Reviews, 32 (1987), 1-120 4. E. T. Turkdogan and P. M. Bills, “A Critical Review of Viscosity of CaO-MgO-Al2O3-SiO2 Melts”, British Ceramic Society Bulletin, 39 (1960), 682-687 5. J. O’M Bockris and D. C. Lowe, “Viscosity and the Structure of Molten Silicates”, Proceedings of Royal Society A, A226(1954), 423-435 6.
B) Einstein-Roscoe relationship between relative viscosity and volume fraction of solid phases Conclusions The viscosity of several metallurgical slag systems was briefly reviewed in view of slag design. From the review, the following conclusions were obtained: (1) The viscosity of blast furnace slag decreases with increasing slag basicity. MgO and FeO behave as basic oxide, resulting in the decrease in the viscosity of the melt, while the addition of Al2O3 increases the viscosity of the melt.
These long chain hydrocarbons consist of highly volatile matter with generally low ash content. This gives steelmakers an opportunity to use waste streams to source free or low cost raw materials for production. 3 High temperature environment of steelmaking provides opportunity for a large scale recycling of waste materials without making fundamental changes to manufacturing processes. The waste materials can be re-purposed as resources through chemical reaction via sustainable pathways. The potential to implement such novel recycling solutions are not generally available to many other materials industries because they operate at relatively lower temperatures, which may not be suitable for triggering useful chemical transformations.