Advancing the Competitiveness and Efficiency of the U.S. by National Research Council, Division on Engineering and

By National Research Council, Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences, Board on Infrastructure and the Constructed Environment, Committee on Advancing the Productivity and Competitiveness of the U.S. Industry Workshop

Construction productivity--how good, how speedy, and at what expense constructions and infrastructure should be constructed--directly impacts costs for houses and buyer items and the robustness of the nationwide economic climate. analysts fluctuate on even if building productiveness is enhancing or declining. nonetheless, advances in on hand and rising applied sciences provide major possibilities to enhance development potency considerably within the twenty first century and to aid meet different nationwide demanding situations, resembling environmental sustainability.

Advancing the Competitiveness and potency of the U.S. building Industry identifies 5 interrelated actions that may considerably increase the standard, timeliness, cost-effectiveness, and sustainability of development projects.

those actions comprise frequent deployment and use of interoperable expertise functions; more desirable job-site potency via more suitable interfacing of individuals, tactics, fabrics, gear, and data; higher use of prefabrication, preassembly, modularization, and off-site fabrication concepts and tactics; leading edge, frequent use of demonstration installations; and powerful functionality size to force potency and help innovation. The booklet recommends that the nationwide Institute of criteria and know-how paintings with leaders to strengthen a collaborative technique to totally enforce and install the 5 activities

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Automated technologies can be used to apply paint and coatings to work spaces and areas that may be inaccessible to workers. Such equipment can lessen workers’ exposure to unsafe work conditions and hazardous materials and concurrently improve the quality of the application. • Finishes. Wallboard, prefabricated partitions, millwork, and other finish materials can often be manipulated and installed using automated equipment. Such equipment allows for accurate and efficient installation without exposing workers to heavy lifting and ergonomic impacts.

The approach to implementing the five activities will need to be collaborative in order to overcome fragmentation among stakeholder groups, construction processes, and construction practices if interoperable technologies and prefabricated components are to be used effectively, if job-site efficiency is to be improved, and if appropriate demonstration installations are to be identified and used. Collaboration will also help mitigate the risks and spread the costs and benefits of innovation. Evidencebased best practices and effective performance measures will be needed in order to make a compelling business case for the adoption of new processes and technologies throughout the capital facilities sector.

Two federal agencies positioned to take a leading role in producing evidence-based research are NIST and NSF. S. innovation and industrial competitiveness by advancing measurement science, standards, and technology in ways that enhance economic security and improve our quality of life” (NIST, 2009). NIST conducts research in the areas of building materials, computerintegrated construction practices, fire science and fire safety engineering, and structural, mechanical, and environmental engineering.

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