By Paul Russell
This article presents a single-volume, single-author basic creation to the Celtic languages.
The first half the e-book considers the old history of the language crew as an entire. There follows a dialogue of the 2 major sub-groups of Celtic, Goidelic (comprising Irish, Scottish, Gaelic and Manx) and Brittonic (Welsh, Cornish and Breton) including an in depth survey of 1 consultant from each one crew, Irish and Welsh.
The moment part considers a number linguistic beneficial properties that are frequently considered as attribute of Celtic: spelling platforms, mutations, verbal nouns and be aware order.
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Extra resources for An Introduction to the Celtic Languages
7 The Italo-Celtic hypothesis While it is universally agreed that the Celtic languages form part of the Indo-European group, there is less agreement about whether Celtic belonged to a sub-group within Indo-European. The prime candidate for partnership has been Italic (Latin, Faliscan, Oscan, Umbrian). It is, however, important to establish what kind of connection is being postulated and what kind of evidence can be used to prove or disprove the hypothesis. e. they had a common ancestor at some point in prehistory.
5 The distinctive features of Goidelic and Brittonic Most of the features which distinguish Goidelic from Brittonic are phonological. e. not in Continental Celtic nor in Ogam), Goidelic languages retain a functioning, though eroded, case system to the present day, while even in the earliest evidence for distinct Brittonic languages the case system has vanished. 2 for further discussion). At this point, two examples which distinguish Goidelic from Brittonic will be sufficient. 1 Pand Q Celtic The most obvious phonological distinction involves the outcome of the unvoiced labiovelar */kw/.
26 This is not the place to discuss the features in detail but it may be useful to mention briefly those which have survived the critical onslaught longest. 2), Ir cóic, W pimp 'five' < *kwenkwe < *penkwe (cf. Gk pénte, Skt pañca) show an assimilation of p. kw- > kw. kw-. g. quinque 'five' < *kwenkwe, etc. Compare also Lat coquus, W pobi 'cook' < *kwokw- < *pokw- (cf. Gk péttō < *pekw-). It has been argued that this assimilation goes back to a period of Italo-Celtic unity. However, C. Watkins 1966a: 33-5 has demonstrated that there is a problem of chronology in relation to the change of *-kwu- to *-ku-.