By G. C. Peden
This booklet integrates approach, know-how and economics and offers a brand new method of twentieth-century army historical past and Britain's decline as an outstanding energy. G. C. Peden explores how from the Edwardian period to the Sixties conflict was once remodeled through a sequence of suggestions, together with dreadnoughts, submarines, plane, tanks, radar, nuclear guns and guided missiles. He indicates that the price of those new guns tended to upward push extra quick than nationwide source of revenue and argues that technique needed to be tailored to take account of either the elevated efficiency of recent guns and the economy's diminishing skill to maintain militia of a given dimension. ahead of the advance of nuclear guns, British method was once in response to a capability to wear out an enemy via blockade, attrition (in the 1st international warfare) and strategic bombing (in the Second), and for this reason strength rested as a lot on fiscal energy as on armaments.
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Extra resources for Arms, Economics and British Strategy: From Dreadnoughts to Hydrogen Bombs (Cambridge Military Histories)
By 1904 the lighter gun was giving better results in trials, and it was suggested that it should be used by both arms of the artillery. 25 As a consequence, the British army’s standard field gun in 1914 fired a heavier shell than the German 77 mm (15 pounds) or the famous French 75 mm (16 pounds). Once in opposition, the Conservatives criticised the Liberal government for providing the army with equipment that was inferior to that of 22 23 24 25 Nicholas Lambert, ‘British naval policy, 1913–14: financial limitation and strategic revolution’, Journal of Modern History, 67 (1995), 595–626.
6, 49–56. 14 The revolution was, however, incomplete. For another thirty years admirals would claim that battleships could be protected from hazards such as torpedoes and, later, bombers. Battleships were heavily armed and armoured vessels whose purpose was to establish command of the sea by destroying the enemy’s main battle fleet, or by bottling it up in its harbours. HMS Dreadnought, constructed in 1905–6, represented a major advance in armament and speed, so much so that all battleships and battle-cruisers built to similar or higher standards were known as ‘dreadnoughts’, while earlier battleships were termed ‘pre-dreadnoughts’.
290. For political economy and public finance, see G. C. ), The Political Economy of British Historical Experience, 1688–1914 (Oxford University Press, 2002), pp. 351–78. The dreadnought era 37 preference would both require duties on grain). The Liberals looked instead to direct taxation to raise extra revenue. 5p) on the small number of people (11,500) with annual incomes over £5,000; increased death duties on large estates; and, most controversially of all, introduced a 20 per cent duty on unearned increments in land values (payable when land was sold or inherited).