By Edward C. Page, Vincent Wright
This assortment presents necessary information regarding the constructions and composition of the better civil carrier and its place within the political constitution via a comparative research of england, France, Germany, Italy, Spain, Belgium, the Netherlands, Austria, Greece, Denmark, and Sweden. The e-book explores how larger civil provider has constructed within the mild of the big alterations in eu societies long ago thirty years.
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Extra resources for Bureaucratic Elites in Western European States
After the Second World War, the Greek higher civil service was staffed by male graduates of law schools and faculties of political science who came from Southern Greece, often from the peninsula of the Peloponnese (see Argyriades, 1963: 349; Langrod, 1965: 63–6). Today's higher civil service contains economics, engineering, and agronomy graduates, yet the legally trained civil servants probably remain preponderant. Very few have postgraduate degrees, with the exception of the Ministry of National Economy, where, according to a sample conducted in 1996, 30 per cent of the civil servants had a postgraduate degree (Mylonopoulou-Mira, 1998: 176).
In fact, the Constitutional Court was the main body responsible for the failure of the reform, since part of the Act was annulled. Speciﬁcally, the Court did not accept the proposed replacement of the traditional, permanent, and corpsbased bureaucracy by a system of posts which the government wanted to open to non-career employees. That is to say, the Socialists did not wish to reserve any particular post for the corps (something the Court accepted) and not even for civil servants (to which the Court objected).
Promotion in the hierarchy of posts depends on a heavily politicized process undertaken by a service council in each ministry. e. whether one holds a high school diploma or a university degree and has served in the same ministry for a speciﬁc period of time). e. the number of years in service) and is quasi-automatic with the passage of time. Basically only civil servants of grade A may be promoted in the hierarchy of top posts, but there are many civil servants in grade A who receive a high salary but do not have great authority because they have not been promoted to the top posts.