By Edward L. Allan
Civil gang abatement is an cutting edge therapy utilizing civil injunctions to wrestle public nuisance task via gangs. This technique has been promoted as a problem-oriented reaction to gang difficulties. Allan examines even if the method of buying a "gang injunction" contains the first dimensions of problem-oriented responses: flexibility and group involvement. Flexibility is clear within the even distribution of projects between 3 different types: high-drug, high-crime, and high-disorder. facts of group involvement is vulnerable, as a result of the loss of neighborhood enterprises in gang-plagued neighborhoods, the low-profile nature of the projects, and the opportunity of retaliation opposed to members. even supposing the expectancy for neighborhood involvement in gang injunction tasks could be tempered, civil gang abatement is a suitable method of local gang difficulties.
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Extra resources for Civil Gang Abatement: The Effectiveness and Implications of Policing by Injunction (Criminal Justice (Lfb Scholarly Publishing Llc).)
Personal risk-reduction efforts, while sometimes effective in protecting the individual, are a heavy burden, causing individuals to forgo employment, recreation, and social opportunities. The aggregate consequences of individual defensive actions fragment the community and undermine the informal social control mechanisms that maintain order. Skogan (1990) analyzed aggregated data from five separate surveys to determine if there was a connection between social disorder, crime, and neighborhood decline.
City of St. Paul 1992). 25 The result is that law enforcement authorities have been severely limited by constitutional constraints on public order laws. The recent emphasis on preventive interventions to reduce neighborhood disorder requires new sources of authority allowing law enforcement officials to address the minor street misconduct that enhances neighborhood disorder and gang activity (Livingston 1997). The United States Supreme Court has recently implied that a targeted approach to gang activity might pass constitutional scrutiny.
Lack of Research on Problem-oriented Interventions There has been little research into the characteristics of problemoriented interventions. : Bazemore and Cole 1994; Buerger 1994; Capowich and Roehl 1994; Eck and Spelman 1987a; Green 1996; Hope 1994; Toch and Grant 1991). : Bureau of Justice Assistance 1993; Weisel 1990), there has not been any comparative research into the problem-oriented dimensions of a single category of intervention implemented by different agencies to ascertain whether the intervention fulfills the promise of the problem-oriented perspective across agencies.