By Filomeno V. Aguilar Jr.
This article illuminates the oral traditions of the Philippines and the convergence of capitalism and the indigenous spirit international. the writer examines the social kin, cultural meanings and political struggles surrounding the increase of sugar haciendas on Negros in the course of the past due Spanish colonial interval, and their next transformation less than the aegis of the yank colonial country. Drawing on oral background, interviews and a wide range of assets culled from information in Spain, the U.S., the uk and the Philippines, the writer reconstructs the emergence of a sugar-planter type and its strategic maneuvers to realize hegemony. The booklet portrays neighborhood actors taking an energetic position in shaping the exterior forces that impinge on their lives. It examines hacienda existence from the indigenous standpoint of magic and spirit ideals, reinterpreting a number of severe stages of Philippine background within the approach. via reading mythic stories as bearers of ancient awareness, the writer explores the complicated interactions among neighborhood tradition, international interventions, and capitalist marketplace forces.
Read or Download Clash of Spirits: The History of Power and Sugar Planter Hegemony on a Visayan Island PDF
Similar other religions books
Symptoms of Devotion is the 1st longitudinal research of an Anglo-Saxon cult from its inception within the past due 7th century throughout the Reformation. It examines the creation and reception of texts--both written and visual--that supported the cult of Ã†thelthryth, an East Anglian princess who had resisted the conjugal calls for of 2 political marriages to take care of her virginity.
Utilizing in-depth examples of 'magical' perform equivalent to exorcisms, love rites, alchemy and the transformation of people into divine beings, this full of life quantity demonstrates that the observe 'magic' was once used commonly in overdue old texts as a part of polemics opposed to enemies and occasionally only as a time period for different people's rituals.
At an excavation of the good Aztec Temple in Mexico urban, amid carvings of skulls and a dismembered warrior goddess, David Carrasco stood earlier than a box packed with the embellished bones of babies and kids. It used to be the location of an immense human sacrifice, and for Carrasco the guts of fiercely provocative questions: If ritual violence opposed to people used to be a profound necessity for the Aztecs of their capital urban, is it vital to the development of social order and the authority of urban states?
- Psychoanalysis and Theism: Critical Reflections on the Grünbaum Thesis, 0th Edition
- The Collected Writings of Samson Occom, Mohegan: Literature and Leadership in Eighteenth-Century Native America
- Symbolic Blackness and Ethnic Difference in Early Christian Literature: BLACKENED BY THEIR SINS: Early Christian Ethno-Political Rhetorics about Egyptians, Ethiopians, Blacks and Blackness
- The Hidden Life In Freemasonry
Additional info for Clash of Spirits: The History of Power and Sugar Planter Hegemony on a Visayan Island
It is my contention that the characteristics of the folkloric engkantos 34 chapter 2 have been culled from the friars’ idealized physiognomy and their historic sacerdotal misdemeanors. The engkanto belief mirrored those Caucasians dispersed throughout the islands who, because of their extremely small number, could hardly be considered as constituting a community in any given locality. In their imposing presence, the friars laid down new rules of the social game only they could break. They demanded silence in the rectory but broke it with their own noisy gatherings; their orders had to be obeyed lest the indio receive a severe beating; and their cravings for sexual gratiﬁcation could not be spurned.
The mental construct of capital-as-evil was thus fashioned in the dialectics of a speciﬁc historical and structural conjuncture in which merchant capitalism was intertwined with the activities of multiple actors across the globe engaging in rumors, rituals, and revolutions the consequences of which were mediated in the colony by the Catholic establishment. The association of capital with evil was not intrinsic to the commodity form, as Michael Taussig (1980) has argued in the Latin American case, as though commodity relations could be abstracted from their historical embeddedness.
5 The features and qualities ascribed to these imagined preternatural entities are particularly revealing, the ﬁrst in the list being an exemplary case. In a pioneering paper on “The Engkanto Belief,” the Jesuit Francisco Demetrio presents a portrait of the engkanto based on some eightyseven folk narratives obtained from the Visayas and northern Mindanao (Demetrio 1968). 6 Demetrio adds: Though beautiful and fairskinned, engkantos are said to be romantically attracted to a brown-skinned girl or boy.