By Terry W. Campbell, Krystan Grant
Clinical circumstances in Avian and unique Animal Hematology and Cytology demonstrates how you can use hemic cytology and cytodiagnosis as a part of the evaluate of an unique animal sufferer, taking the reader via approximately a hundred genuine scientific circumstances. With a spotlight on cytological interpretation, the hands-on, functional strategy enables studying, educating, and comprehension. Well illustrated all through, Clinical circumstances in Avian and unique Animal Hematology and Cytology is a valuable advisor for exotics veterinarians, zoo and aquarium veterinarians, and veterinary hematologists.
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VADs may also lead to specimen dilution or partially clotted blood if the dead space is not managed appropriately. ” Historically, a discard sample (or “pilot tube”) was collected prior to the specimen for coagulation testing, due to concern about activation of clotting factors or platelets by the venipuncture procedure. Studies have shown that this practice is not necessary for PT and PTT testing [1, 14, 15], although discard samples have been recently advocated for PT/INR testing on patients receiving long-term warfarin therapy .
VerifyNow). Laboratories need processes to prevent these specimens from being centrifuged because testing is not valid on resuspended specimens. 6 Specimen Stability Specimen stability varies with the test to be performed, type of specimen required, presence of cells, presence of heparin, and temperature. Stability may also be affected by test methods. 4. Laboratories should verify the stability data on their own test systems and adjust their standard operating procedures accordingly. ) occur with coagulation specimens.
Discard tubes are not necessary when drawing samples for specialized coagulation testing. Blood Coagul Fibrinolysis. 2010;21:279–82. 18. Raijmakers MT, Menting CH, Vader HL, et al. Collection of blood specimens by venipuncture for plasma-based coagulation assays: necessity of a discard tube. Am J Clin Pathol. 2010;133:331–5. 19. Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute. , document GP41-A6. Wayne:CLSI; 2007. 20. Carroll WE, Wollitzer AO, Harris L, et al. The significance of platelet counts in coagulation studies.