By Jeronim Perović
This e-book examines the function of Soviet strength through the chilly battle. in response to hitherto little identified files from Western and japanese eu records, it combines the tale of Soviet oil and fuel with common chilly battle heritage. This quantity breaks new floor through framing Soviet strength in a multi-national context, making an allowance for not just the view from Moscow, but in addition the views of communist jap Europe, the united states, NATO, in addition to numerous Western eu international locations – particularly Italy, France, and West Germany. This ebook demanding situations many of the long-standing assumptions of East-West bloc relatives, in addition to laying off new mild on kin in the blocs in regards to the factor of strength. through bringing jointly more than a few junior and senior historians and experts from Europe, Russia and the USA, this publication represents a pioneering endeavour to method the position of Soviet power through the chilly struggle in transnational perspective.
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Additional info for Cold War Energy: A Transnational History of Soviet Oil and Gas
In the early 1950s, oil also stood for a rising individual standard of living, reﬂected in an (albeit very slow) increase in the number of cars. 40 Not only did this denote the expression of a new patriotic sentiment; it was also the ﬁrst time that the Soviet Union acknowledged oil as an integral element of its image as an international great power. THE POLITICS OF OIL TRADE The accelerated development of the petroleum resources of the Volga-Ural region meant that the decline in production from the Caucasus was successfully offset by the end of the 1940s; it also ensured that, from the mid-1950s, the Soviet Union was actually producing a surplus of oil, which it was able to export in ever-increasing quantities.
27 for the short-term mitigation of defects affecting every area of the economy, or to mollify political discontent. To compound the problem, the Soviet Union also had to divert income from commodities to fund such costly projects as the arms race with the US and the war in Afghanistan, which were sources of considerable losses. The Soviet Union collapsed, but Kosygin was, nonetheless, right.
17 (and their families) of the petrochemical industry to allow some of the production of raw materials to be processed locally or at least be made usable for industry. Finally, as a particularly difﬁcult technological challenge, there was the question of how to transport the raw materials under Arctic conditions across thousands of kilometers through the swamps of the tundra and taiga. It was to be expected that this major project would encounter strong internal resistance because of the high costs, numerous risks, and uncertainties that it involved.