Computers in Chemical Education and Research by Professor Martha E. Williams (auth.), Eduardo V. Ludeña,

By Professor Martha E. Williams (auth.), Eduardo V. Ludeña, Nora H. Sabelli, Arnold C. Wahl (eds.)

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In a distributed network accommodations would have to be made for the variations in file formats of the data bases in the net. e. changed relations) would have to be developed. REFERENCES 1. H. "Data Element Analysis and Use of a Relational Data Base Structure for Mapping Bibliographic and Numeric Data Bases" in MAPPING CHEMICAL DATA BASES Management of OSta Elements in Information Processing, Proceedings of a Second Symposium, National Bureau of Standards, 1975, p. 237-247. 2. F. "A Re1ationa1 Model of OSta for Large Shared OSta Banks" Communications of the Association for Computing Machinery, 13: 377-387, 1970.

In addition, help is provided where needed on an individual basis and the number of problems is adjusted in response to the error rate of each student. 56 S. G. SMITH The approach of using a simulated experiment to establish the background for the theoretical development öf basic concepts is used in many of the programs. Organic chemistry students, for example, explore the effect of pH on the rate of oxime formation and ester hydrolysis with simulated experiments before engaging the program in a dialog about the mechanism of these reactions.

1. INTRODUCTIm~ In experimental chemistry a research objective is generally realized by a procedure that involves the follmving steps. (i) Identification of the phenomenon that is to be studied or the goal that is to be realized. Hypothesis of a model, or the outline of procedures that can (ii) be used to design experiments. (iii) Design or selection of the experiments that are to be performed. Here it should be noted that frequently there is a one ++ many mapping of (ii) to (iii). (iv) Execution of the experimentes) and collection of data.

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