By M. T. Andeweg
Because of alterations within the composition of the inhabitants, society adjustments consistently with recognize to varied components together with age-structure, kin composition and the supply of power. alterations bring about events which are mirrored within the commissioning of structures, that is progressively shifted from new building to the reuse and preservation of present structures. the difference of constructions frequently calls for the amendment of facades and the development at the back of. The scope of this motion in the rate delivery and concrete improvement area is to enhance suggestions and techniques for envelopes of structures built over the past half the twentieth century within the price nations. In different phrases it truly is directed at the construction envelopes of the so-called non-traditional constructions. This e-book relies on a aid via price, an intergovernmental eu framework for overseas cooperation among nationally funded examine actions. expense creates medical networks and allows scientists to collaborate in a large spectrum of actions in learn and technology.IOS Press is a global technological know-how, technical and clinical writer of fine quality books for lecturers, scientists, and pros in all fields. many of the components we put up in: -Biomedicine -Oncology -Artificial intelligence -Databases and knowledge structures -Maritime engineering -Nanotechnology -Geoengineering -All features of physics -E-governance -E-commerce -The wisdom economic system -Urban stories -Arms regulate -Understanding and responding to terrorism -Medical informatics -Computer Sciences
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Additional info for COST C16 Improving the Quality of Existing Urban Building Envelopes I: State of the Art (Research in Architectural Engineering)
Most of the residential areas from this period were built in the periphery of towns and cities, very often like islands in the landscape. Car and bus traffic was led around the area with connecting parking, so that pedestrians could walk safely. Public transportation, if rail bound, was usually planned centrally in the neighbourhoods. The buildings were surrounding a local centre with shops for convenience goods, a school and day care centre, and maybe a library. Figuur 4: Residential area in Gothenburg with multi-family houses of different types, constructed in situ and with brick façades, completed in 1965.
Materials which were frequently used in the 1950 – and in the early 1960s – such as mosaic wall and pillar facings or linings, glassed entrance doors with frames of solid oak, and marble or clinker slab floors in common spaces, are frequently used to help to revalue shabby buildings and housing areas. Both the type and the level of rebuilding have shown a great variation in different projects. To summarize the following methods have been used: - Out-door environmental improvements supported by special state subsidies 1976-86 - Maintenance and daily care - the most common way of support - Maintenance with ambitions to change the aesthetics - Improvement and renovation according to residents´ decisions - Turn-around without demolition (when exteriors are changed) - Large-scale turn-around (when building volumes are changed) - Demolition to reduce the number of dwellings and/or change the type of building - Environmental-friendly actions, concerning the buildings as well as the areas - Restoration – a new way to take care of the buildings as part of the cultural heritage Figuur 16: Hjällbo in Gothenburg is today proposed to be listed as an historic area, part of the cultural heritage (Photos: L.
The method ignores the history of the city and inhabitants. It ignores qualities and possibilities. Restructuring means wiping out existing human urban patterns and social structure. It implies demolition of everything: quality and beauty together with problems and ugliness. Last but not least it is very resource intensive and not environmentally friendly. In our way of working, demolition is a mean, not a goal or a solution. The existing city should not be destroyed by new buildings. They should support the ever changing city.