By A Ashworth
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Open-ended contracts which may produce the lowest final accounts can cause immense anxieties for a client, who may prefer to pay for peace of mind. It is in reality very difficult to make realistic comparisons, even where it is possible to examine two similar projects being constructed on different contractual bases. 1 Duty of care Reasonable care must be exercised during the preparation of estimates, tenders or quotations. A building owner cannot be held responsible or liable for the mistakes in tenders prepared by a building contractor.
Of the remaining 30%, about half is energy used on site and the other half is attributable to transportation and overheads. Research in the USA has shown that 80 separate industries contribute most of the energy requirements of construction and five key materials account for over 50% of the total embodied energy of new buildings. This is very significant since considerable savings in the energy content of new buildings can be achieved by concentrating on reducing the energy content in a small number of key materials.
Building Economics and Cost Control – Worked Solutions. Butterworth 1983. , Contractual Procedures in the Construction Industry. Longman 2001. , The Education and Training of Quantity Surveyors. Construction Information File, Chartered Institute of Building 1994. , ‘Value rather than cost’. Journal of the Malaysian Institution of Surveyors, 1996. Ashworth, A. , Added Value in Design and Construction. Longman 2000. , Timing of Space: Some Thoughts on Building Economics. Habitat International 1986.