Energy and Environmental Challenges to Security (NATO by Stephen Stec, Besnik Baraj

By Stephen Stec, Besnik Baraj

The thirst for power and the necessity to deal with environmental affects bobbing up from the carbon economic system are pressing matters dealing with this and destiny generations. the surroundings and safeguard nexus offer an important viewpoint for assembly strength and different demanding situations to protection bobbing up from weather switch, conflicts, and fiscal transition. As Norman Myers succinctly mentioned, wars have already been fought over water and effort; and deforestation, soil erosion, desertification, over-fishing, and a number of different environmental difficulties are associated with clash far and wide. but the potential of people to arrive throughout barriers and cooperate at the surroundings additionally offers us wish that recommendations to surroundings and safety difficulties are available. This quantity provides the result of a different assembly that happened in November 2007 within the Hungarian Parliament, while scientists from NATO member and companion international locations met with individuals of parliament from committees of the NATO Parliamentary meeting. Penetrating contributions during this quantity tackle an array of concerns necessary to strength, the surroundings and safety, together with environmental refugees, the viability of nuclear energy, the biofuels misstep, and geopolitical elements of worldwide power safety, between others - matters that would be with us for a few years to come back.

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Additional info for Energy and Environmental Challenges to Security (NATO Science for Peace and Security Series C: Environmental Security)

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OECD/IEA 2007. P. 41. 22 M. TAGARINSKI AND A. AVIZIUS will increase only modestly: from 367 gigawatts-electric (GWe) to 400–600 GWe,47 lagging behind the growth rates in global electricity generation. 48 On the other hand, technological improvements could considerably ease the burden of construction costs. 49 ● The problem of spent fuel disposal is yet to be resolved. 50 Some countries, including France, Japan, Russia and the UK, choose to reprocess it, separating plutonium from spent fuel and turning it into mixed oxide fuel (MOX), which can be used in light-water reactors.

15 Speech by Prof. Gernot Klepper, Director, The Kiel Institute for the World Economy, XVI Malente Symposium “Energy, Climate, and Future Welfare – Changing Global Dynamics”, Lubeck. 8–10 October 2006. 16 Presentation by Mr. Aad van Bohemen, International Energy Agency. Seminar on Security of Energy Supplies – The Role of NATO and Other International Organisations, Brussels. 17 January 2008. ENERGY SECURITY FOR THE EURO-ATLANTIC REGION 9 The underinvestment is to a large extent the outcome of low oil prices in the early 1990s, which resulted in production capacity constraints.

It is forecast that production will almost double again by 2010. Brazil and the United States are indisputably the world’s largest ethanol producers. Biofuels are defined as any fuels derived from biomass. The production of fuel energy from biomass involves a range of technologies including gasification and fermentation. These technologies produce liquid and gas fuels from a diverse set of biological resources, such as traditional crops (sugar cane, maize, and oilseeds), crop residues and waste (wheat straw, rice hulls, cotton waste).

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